insulin receptor

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insulin receptor

insulin receptor

 Name  Manufacturer  Volume   Price $   Price €   Quantity / Order 
   Humulin (Insulin Lispro) (100iu Insulin Lispro per 1ml / 3ml Vial) x 5 Vials per box   Eli Lilly / Australia 5 vials $100   €90 

Teslac is one of the very

insulin receptor

first drugs approved by the FDA to fight estrogen-dependant breast cancer, back in 1970. It does this by possibly inhibiting insulin receptor the aromatase enzyme in what appears to be both a noncompetitive and an irreversible manner.

insulin receptor

In America, regular human insulin is available without a prescription by the name of Humulin R by Eli Lilly and Company. It costs about $20 insulin receptor for a 10 ml vial with a strength of 100 IU per ml. Eli Lilly and Company also produces 5 other insulin formulations, but none of these should be used by bodybuilders. Humulin R is the safest because it takes

insulin receptor

effect quickly and has the shortest duration of activity. The other insulin formulations remain insulin receptor active for a longer time period and can put the user in an unexpected state of hypoglycemia.

Women should not take insulin receptor more than 15 mg. daily otherwise, androgenic-caused side effects such as acne, deep insulin receptor voice, clitorial hypertrophy or increased growth of body hair can occur.

Cialis ® 20mg film-coated tablets

In May 2005, insulin receptor the U.S. Food and Drug Administration found that tadalafil (along with other PDE5 inhibitors) could lead to vision impairment

insulin receptor

in certain patient groups, including diabetics. An investigation is currently ongoing.

Most of the adverse effects insulin receptor associated with diazepam therapy are dose-dependent and CNS-related including headache, drowsiness, insulin receptor ataxia, dizziness, confusion, depression, syncope, fatigue, tremor, and vertigo. CNS stimulation occurs insulin receptor in as many as 10% of patients and is of particular significance in psychiatric patients and hyperactive children. This paradoxical insulin receptor effect is possibly due to release of previously inhibited responses. Symptoms of CNS stimulation include nightmares,

insulin receptor

talkativeness, excitement, mania, tremor, insomnia, anxiety, restlessness, euphoria, acute rage reactions, and hyperactivity. insulin receptor Benzodiazepine therapy usually should be discontinued if signs of CNS stimulation occur.

Phentermine diet pills are used insulin receptor for a short-term to help you quickly lose weight and fight obesity. You need to develop better eating insulin receptor habits and exercise while taking Phentermine or any other weight loss medication. Diet pills are not a substitute for proper eating or exercise if you want the best results combine Phentermine with your diet

insulin receptor

plan. Do not share this medication with friends or family.

In females, dosages above insulin receptor 15 mg./day can cause facial hair, deepening of the voice, clitoral hypertrophy, and acne.

• Human Growth Hormone (HGH) is the most abundant insulin receptor hormone produced by the pituitary gland (pituitary is one of the endocrine glands). The pituitary gland is located insulin receptor in the center of the brain.

• It improves exercise tolerance ( 81%) and exercise endurance insulin receptor

Product Description: Proscar

Supplementation

Risks:

insulin receptor
Trenbolone is derived from 19-nor Testosterone, but with three additional bonds- making it unable to aromatize (convert) to estrogen, as well insulin receptor as making it not subject to 5a-reduction (conversion to a Dihydro form). Speaking from a structural standpoint, Trenbolone is actually very insulin receptor similar to Deca-Durabolin (Nandrolone Decanoate), except for a c-9 and c-11 double bond. These two double bonds are very important, however, insulin receptor and provide Trenbolone with several important differences. Firstly, the c9 bond serves to prevent aromatization (conversion) to estrogen, while the c11 double
insulin receptor
bond seems to increase Androgen Receptor binding quite profoundly (although this may also have something to do with the c9 insulin receptor bond as well). Thus, as compared with Deca, Trenbolone¡¯s lack of estrogenic activity and potent ability to bind to the androgen receptor insulin receptor allow it to be a much stronger anabolic/androgenic agent than Deca. So what we see in Trenbolone is a drug that¡¯s roughly 4x as anabolic insulin receptor as Deca, and roughly 10x as androgenic (according to the Vida Reference scale). With Trenbolone, the majority of weight gained on this drug is lean and
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quality muscle. (1)

Insomnia - Second in frequency of reports to sweating and discomfort insulin receptor is insomnia; this may be at least partially attributed to discomfort. Possible means of countering this include such supplements as insulin receptor Valerian root or melatonin. Alternatively, one may deal with this via prescription or OTC sleep medications or GHB-A precursors. insulin receptor However, these may be addictive if used on a regular basis and if their use may be avoided, by all means abstain from using them.

The steroid dianobol a.k.a. Anabol has a very strong androgenic and anabolic

insulin receptor

effect which manifests itself in an enormous build up of strength and muscle mass. Dianabol insulin receptor is simply a mass building steroid that works quickly and reliably. A weight gain of 2-4 pounds insulin receptor per week in the first six weeks is normal with dianobol.

Tamoxifen cycle and dosage

As touched insulin receptor on previously, getting the right dosage of DNP is rather easy to do although the importance insulin receptor of proper dosage cannot be overstated. It is far better for one to err on the side of too little rather than too much, certainly in the case of the novice who does not know if they

insulin receptor
are allergic to the substance. As stated before, the commonly used dosage by bodybuilders and other reasonably lean persons insulin receptor is 3-5mg/kg of bodyweight. This would mean that a 100-kilogram bodybuilder would use anywhere from 300-500mg insulin receptor per day. Experienced users commonly are found using up to 800mg/day relatively safely, and beginners sometimes insulin receptor find that they enjoy 3-5 pounds of fat loss per week with as little as 200mg/day. Dosing insulin receptor is highly individualized and most generalizations tend to collapse quite quickly; as a result, none will be attempted. Start on the low end

insulin receptor

of the scale and see how you react. It is not recommended to take more than 300mg at any one time; a larger man insulin receptor taking 600mg per day should divide the dose into a 5:00PM portion and another portion taken approximately 30 minutes before bedtime. Someone insulin receptor taking 300mg/day could easily take one dose in the evening. The typical cycling program is to insulin receptor do 7 or 8 days on, followed by 7 or 8 off; this should not decrease thyroid output dramatically and makes use of T3 (triiodothyronine, brand name Cytomel) unnecessary in most cases. T4-T3 conversion does decrease dramatically

insulin receptor

in the liver due to excessive heat; this begins within 24 hours of the first dose. However, insulin receptor there is usually adequate active thyroid hormone to make it through 8 days of using it while maintaining elevated insulin receptor body temperature. After approximately 3-5 days, the user may find themselves with a waking temperature insulin receptor that is no longer elevated, even though they are still using DNP. This is due to the decrease insulin receptor in T3 and may signal the necessity of either the use of exogenous T3 in subsequent cycles or shorter cycles of the drug. In addition, the schedule given works nicely because

insulin receptor

the user is able to enjoy the anabolic rebound effect on a relatively regular basis. Also, longer cycles might leave the muscle fibers in a state insulin receptor of relative dehydration and "starved" of ATP for too long; both of these insulin receptor readily contribute to catabolism.

Yellow bodily fluids - Some don't notice this, but others find that all of insulin receptor their bodily fluids take on a yellowish appearance. Urine is a darker yellow, and even semen and vaginal secretions may be affected. According to current knowledge, this is not known to be harmful in and of itself.

insulin receptor

Response - This is false.

Trenbolones chemical structure makes it resistant to the aromatize enzyme (conversion insulin receptor to estrogen) thus absolutely no percentage of trenbolone will convert to estrogen. Trenbolone administration insulin receptor would not promote estrogenic side effects such as breast tissue growth in men (gynecomastia, bitch tits) accelerated fat gain, decline in fat insulin receptor break down and water retention trenbolone. Trenbolone is also resistant to the 5- alpha-reductase enzyme, this enzyme reduces some steroid hormones into a more androgenic form, in trenbolones case however

insulin receptor

this does not matter, trenbolone boasts an androgenic ratio of 500, it can easily cause adverse androgenic side effects in any steroid.com members insulin receptor who are prone cases of hair loss, prostate enlargement, oily skin and acne have been reported. Unfortunately trenbolones potential insulin receptor negative side effects do not end there. Trenbolone is also a noted progestin: it binds to the receptor of the female sex hormone insulin receptor progesterone (with about 60% of the actual strength progesterone) (17). In sensitive steroid.com members this can lead to bloat and breast growth worse still, trenbolones
insulin receptor
active metabolite17beta-trenbolone has a binding affinity to the progesterone receptor (PgR) that is actually greater than insulin receptor progesterone itself (18). No need to panic though, the anti-estrogens letrzole or fulvestrant can lower progesterone levels, and combat any progestenic insulin receptor sides. The use of a 19-nor compound like trenbolone also increases prolactin& . bromocriptine or cabergoline are often recommended to insulin receptor lower prolatin levels (20). Testicular atrophy (shrunken balls) may also occur; HCG used intermittently throughout a cycle can prevent this. (21) It is also wise

insulin receptor

for Tren users to closely monitor their cholesterol levels, as well as kidney function and liver insulin receptor enzymes, as Tren has the potential to negatively affect all of those functions. Trenbolone, being a powerful insulin receptor progestin, will also shut down natural testosterone production which even a relatively insulin receptor small dose and keep the testosterone level suppressed for an extended period of time, insulin receptor this can lower libido and cause erectile dysfunction (fina dick). It is essential that you always stack trenbolone with testosterone.

You may get drowsy or dizzy. Do not drive, use machinery,

insulin receptor

or do anything that needs mental alertness until you know how diazepam affects you. To reduce the risk of dizzy and fainting spells, do not insulin receptor stand or sit up quickly, especially if you are an older patient. Alcohol may increase dizziness and drowsiness. Avoid alcoholic insulin receptor drinks.

The rate of aromatization of this kind of testosterone is quite great, so water retention insulin receptor and fat gain are a fact and gyno can be a problem. If problems occur one is best to start on 20 mg of Nolvadex per day and stay on that until problems subside. I wouldn't stay on it for a whole

insulin receptor

cycle, as it may reduce the gains. Testosterone is one of the few compounds where Proviron may actually be preferred insulin receptor over Arimidex. The Proviron will not only reduce estrogen and can be used for extended time on a testosterone cycle, insulin receptor it will also bind with great affinity to sex-hormone binding proteins in the blood insulin receptor and will allow for a higher level of free testosterone in the body, thus improving gains. The typical side effects can include nausea, acne, excitation or increased aggressiveness, chills, hypertension, increase in libido.

OMFG I am so tired of all

insulin receptor
the misinformation floating around on IGF-1. Look at the length of this post. Did you read all of it? You should, you know.

Studies insulin receptor using low dosages of this compound note minimal interferences with natural testosterone production. insulin receptor Likewise when it is used alone in small amounts there is typically no need for ancillary drugs like Clomid/Nolvadex or HCG. This has insulin receptor a lot to do with the fact that it does not convert to estrogen, which we know has an extremely profound effect on endogenous hormone production. Without estrogen to trigger negative feedback, we seem

insulin receptor

to note a higher threshold before inhibition is noted. But at higher dosages of course, a suppression of natural testosterone insulin receptor levels will still occur with this drug as with any anabolic/androgenic steroid and therefore require post cycle therapy to insulin receptor restore the HPTA.

The clearance and/or elimination of many drugs are reduced in the insulin receptor elderly. Delayed elimination can either intensify or prolong the actions of adverse reactions of the drug. Benzodiazepines insulin receptor have been associated with falls in the elderly and the consumer advocate group, Public Citizen, has recommended

insulin receptor
these drugs not be used in the elderly.

Intra-muscular water based injectable.

insulin receptor Description 3:

Release and action of GH and IGF-1: GHRH (growth hormone releasing hormone) and SST (somatostatin) are insulin receptor released by the hypothalamus to stimulate or inhibit the output of GH by the pituitary. GH has direct effects on many tissues, as insulin receptor well as indirect effects via the production of IGF-1. IGF-1 also causes negative feedback inhibition at the pituitary and hypothalamus. Heightened release of somatostatin affects not only the release of GH, but insulin

insulin receptor
and thyroid hormones as well.

Because anyone would be hard-pressed to use this particular steroid for cutting, insulin receptor it should really only be administered for bulking purposes. Its not immediately a compound for beginners, it requires insulin receptor some skill. First of all to site inject and rotate injection sites, but also to deal with the occurrence of side-effects, which may be a little more insulin receptor pronounced than with testosterone esters. The compound is best injected daily, using 50-100 mg per day. It is best stacked with other products for the express purpose of adding mass,

insulin receptor
probably a base compound with a lower occurrence of androgenic side-effects such as Deca-Durabolin or Equipoise insulin receptor in doses of 300-400 mg per week. On can of course, as usual add an oral bulking agent such as Dianabol (methandrostenolone) insulin receptor or Anadrol (oxymetholone) to kickstart gains, but testosterone suspension should deliver results in a shorter time-span than insulin receptor esterified testosterones, mostly due to high peak doses and immediate accumulation. Although insulin receptor for best results one would opt to use it for 10-12 weeks, few will last that long with giving themselves daily injections.

insulin receptor

Mesterolone is an orally active, 1-methylated DHT. Like Masteron, but then actually delivered in an oral fashion. DHT is the conversion insulin receptor product of testosterone at the 5-alpha-reductase enzyme, the result being a hormone that is 3 to 4 times insulin receptor as androgenic and is structurally incapable of forming estrogen. One would imagine then that insulin receptor mesterolone would be a perfect drug to enhance strength and add small but completely lean insulin receptor gains to the frame. Unfortunately there is a control mechanism for DHT in the human body. When levels get too high, the 3alpha hydroxysteroid

insulin receptor

dehydrogenase enzyme converts it to a mostly inactive compound known as 3-alpha (5-alpha-androstan-3alpha,17beta-diol), a prohormone if you will. insulin receptor It can equally convert back to DHT by way of the same enzyme when low levels of DHT are insulin receptor detected. But it means that unless one uses ridiculously high amounts, most of what is administered is quite useless at the height of the insulin receptor androgen receptor in muscle tissue and thus mesterolone is not particularly suited, if at all, to promote muscle hypertrophy.

Street Price: $.50 - 1.00 / tab. Fairly inexpensive in Mexico

insulin receptor
though. Spiropent is currently going for about $7.50/box, Novegam for $5.25/box, and Oxyflux for about $3.30/box.

Clenbuterol should insulin receptor therefore be used primarily for fat loss and cutting purposes.

Oxanabol is mild low androgenic 17-alphalkylated insulin receptor anabolic steroid with very low toxicity.

STH (somatotropic hormone) has a insulin receptor strong anabolic effect and causes an increased protein synthesis which manifests itself in a muscular hypertrophy (enlargement insulin receptor of muscle cells) and in a muscular hyperplasia (increase of muscle cells). The latter is very

insulin receptor

interesting since this increase cannot be obtained by the intake of steroids. This is probably insulin receptor also the reason why STH is called the strongest anabolic hormone.

DHT Conversion: No, converts to NOR-DHT insulin receptor with low activity

Stanozolol does aromatize and water retention uncommon. It promotes muscle hardness and insulin receptor strength without a substantial increase in body mass. It is ideally suited for low calorie insulin receptor diets and contest preparation. The compound is very safe and has few side effects, however, the oral version can lead to some typical side effects like

insulin receptor

acne, increased sex drive, and moderate liver stress, mostly due to the fact that high dosages are sometimes used.

Androfort-Richt. insulin receptor 10, 25 mg/ml; Gedeon Richter HU

Additional: HCG/Pregnyl

Bonavar and Fat Loss

Rivotril 2mg

Effective insulin receptor Dose: 150-250mg per week

Yes, but taking KAMAGRA after a high-fat meal (such as a cheeseburger insulin receptor and french fries) may cause the medication to take a little longer to start working.

Testosterone Prop. (o.c.) 50 mg/ml; Quad U.S., Lilly U.S.

Of course testosterone

insulin receptor
Enanthate can be stacked with any number of compounds apart from these, but these make the best match. When stacking insulin receptor with testosterone, one needs to look at what the other compound can bring. Either it has a characteristic insulin receptor that testosterone doesn't have, or its nominally safer. The testosterone will bring all the mass, insulin receptor so adding another steroid to enhance mass alone, is futile. More testosterone is the best remedy for that.

insulin receptor

Although Sustanon remains active in the body for approximately three weeks, injections are taken at least every 10 days. An effective

insulin receptor

dosage ranges from 250mg (one ampule) every 10 days, to 1000mg (four ampules) weekly. Some athletes do use more extreme dosages, but insulin receptor this is really not a recommended practice. When the dosage rises above 750-1000mg per week, insulin receptor increased of Sustanon side effects will no doubt be outweighing additional An benefits. Basically you will receive a poor return insulin receptor on your investment, which with Sustanon can be substantial. Instead of taking unnecessarily large amounts, athletes interested in rapid size and strength will usually opt to addition another compound. For this purpose

insulin receptor

we find that stacks extremely well with the potent orals Anadrol 50 (oxymetholone) and Dianabol (methandrostenolone). insulin receptor On the other hand, Sustanon may work better with trenbolone or Winstrol (stanozolol) if the athlete were seeking to maintain a harder, more defined insulin receptor look to his physique.

Health problems, such as high cholesterol, high blood pressure insulin receptor and diabetes, have improved with extended use of Xenical diet pills. Xenical should still be taken with a low fat diet program and fat intake should be split evenly between the 3 daily meals. With regular use,

insulin receptor

Xenical diet pills help achieve weight loss, maintain your weight loss and minimize any weight regain.

Oral use though will insulin receptor reduce DHT levels systemically, which may adversely affect training and sex drive.

Medications insulin receptor similar to testosterone that are taken by mouth for a long time may cause serious damage to the liver or liver insulin receptor cancer. Testosterone gel has not been shown to cause this damage. Testosterone may increase the insulin receptor risk of developing prostate cancer. Talk to your doctor about the risks of taking this medication. Testosterone gel may cause other

insulin receptor

side effects. Call your doctor if you have any unusual problems while taking this medication.

Estrogenic Activity: low Progestational insulin receptor Activity: moderate.

In addition, androgenic side effects are common with this substance, and may include bouts of oily skin, insulin receptor acne and body/facial hair growth. Aggression may also be increased with a potent steroid such as this, so it would be wise not to let your disposition insulin receptor change for the worse during a cycle. With Anabol there is also the possibility of aggravating a male pattern baldness condition. Sensitive individuals

insulin receptor
may therefore wish to avoid this drug and opt for a milder anabolic such as Deca-DurabolinR. While Anabol does convert to insulin receptor a more potent steroid via interaction with the 5-alpha reductase anzyme (the same enzyme responsible insulin receptor for converting testosterone to dihydrotestosterone), it has extremely little affinity insulin receptor to do so in the human body's. The androgenic metabolite 5alpha dihydromethandrostenolone insulin receptor is therefore produced only in trace amounts at best. The benefit received from ProscarR/PropeciaR would therefore be insignificant, the drug serving no real purpose.

insulin receptor

The greatest advantage of Restandol (Andriol) lies in its good compatibility. It can, for example, be used with Deca Durabolin in insulin receptor long-term therapy and, in this combination and for health-conscientious athletes, it is insulin receptor an alternative to the famous Dianabol (D-bol)/Deca Durabolin stack.

Clenbuterol insulin receptor does work very effectively as a fat burner. It does this by slightly increasing the body temperature. With insulin receptor each degree that the temperature in your body is raised from the use of clenbuterol, you will burn up approximately an extra 5% of maintenance calories.

insulin receptor

This makes it effective as a fat burner. Your body will fight this by cutting down on the amount insulin receptor of active thyroid in the body as well as through beta-receptor down regulation, which explains why you only have a limited insulin receptor effective period to take clenbuterol. While I am on the subject of beta-receptor down regulation, I would like to dispose of another myth. insulin receptor This involves the two on/two off cycling theory that I believe was originated by Bill Phillips in the Anabolic Reference Guide and has somehow made it's was into every other steroid book since then including the WAR and
insulin receptor
Physical Enhancement with an Edge. The two on-two off theory simply will not work insulin receptor because of one main reason: the half life of clenbuterol. This 2-on/2-off idea was a THEORY ONLY, not by a doctor or scientist, and not based insulin receptor on specific knowledge of clenbuterol, but derived by imitation from other drug's with shorter half lives.

insulin receptor An effective daily dose for athletes is 15-40 mg/day. Steroid novices do not need more than 15-20 mg./day which is sufficient to achieve exceptional results over a period of 8-10 weeks.

testosterone phenylpropionate, 60 mg;

insulin receptor

Viagra is a breakthrough treatment that improves a man's response to sexual stimulation. insulin receptor We provide a Impotence simple, secure and confidential way to be evaluated for Viagra®. insulin receptor We bring you the privacy Impotence of an online consultation and an easy, inexpensive Impotence means of obtaining Viagra®.

insulin receptor

Athletes like to use Nolvadex at the end of a steroid cycle since it increases the body's insulin receptor own testosterone production.

Methandriol Dipropionate does not directly convert to estrogen, thus it has a low incidence of estrogen-related

insulin receptor
side effects, such as gynecomastia, water retention, and fat deposition, which are usually minimal if they occur. As Methandriol Dipropionate insulin receptor has an androgenic component, typical androgenic-related side effects are possible: oily skin, acne, increased body hair, and insulin receptor scalp hairloss if prone to male pattern baldness.

Primobol is a mild oral insulin receptor anabolic with extremely low androgenic activity, meaning that there is only a minimal chance of typical steroid insulin receptor side-effects. It does not convert to estrogen and, therefore, estrogen-caused water retention and fat deposition

insulin receptor

will not occur from using it. Methenolone increases the conversion of protein to lean muscle tissue through its anabolic activity. insulin receptor Because primobol has virtually no androgen (i.e., masculinizing) effects, it can generally be used safely by women.

insulin receptor

Molecular Basis for Efficacy

Virormone 25, 50 mg/ml; Paines & Byrne GB

insulin receptor

It is also important that endogenous testosterone production is likely to be suppressed after a cycle of insulin receptor this drug. When this occurs, one runs the risk of losing muscle mass once the steroid is discontinued. HCG and/or

insulin receptor

Clomid are in most cases considered to be a necessity, used effectively to restore natural testosterone production and avoid a post-cycle "crash". insulin receptor The user should always expect to see some loss of body weight when the steroids is discontinued, as retained water (accounting for considerable weight) insulin receptor will be excreted once hormone levels regulate. This weight loss is to be ignored, and the insulin receptor athlete should be concerned only with preserving the quality muscle that lies underneath. With the proper administration of ancillary drugs, much of the new muscle mass can be retained
insulin receptor
for a long time after the steroid cycle has been stopped. Those who rely solely on a fancy tapering-off schedule to accomplish insulin receptor this are likely to be disappointed. Although a common practice, this is really not an effective insulin receptor way to restore the hormonal balance.

Methandriol Dipropionate is a injectable, strongly anabolic steroid with some androgenic insulin receptor properties. By raising the level of nitrogen retention, it stimulates protein synthesis, resulting in greater muscle mass; and it increases strength. In addition, it may have anti-catabolic properties. Methandriol

insulin receptor
Dipropionate is strong enough to be used by alone. However, it is frequently combined with other steriods insulin receptor to enhance the overall effects.

Nolvadex is used to treat breast cancer in women or men. Tamoxifen may also insulin receptor be used to treat other kinds of cancer, as determined by your doctor.

Many athletes also claim that they enjoyed insulin receptor significant gains in muscle mass while using clenbuterol. There is no doubt that clenbuterol has an anabolic effect in animals but there are, though, no scientific evidence this also is true in humans. The same goes for

insulin receptor

the strong anticatabolic effect of clenbuterol, meaning it decreases the rate at which protein is reduced in the muscle insulin receptor cell, consequently causing an enlargement of muscle cells.

    Androgenic: insulin receptor Anabolic Ratio:N/A

Less frequent side effects include erections that will not go away and vision changes. insulin receptor In the event that an erection persists longer than 4 hours, seek immediate medical assistance. Other less frequent insulin receptor side effects include urinary tract infection, abnormal vision, diarrhea, dizziness and rash.

Usage:

insulin receptor

Bonavar Cycles

Some medicines or medical conditions may interact with this medicine. INFORM insulin receptor YOUR DOCTOR OR PHARMACIST of all prescription and over-the-counter medicine that you are taking. ADDITIONAL insulin receptor MONITORING OF YOUR DOSE OR CONDITION may be needed if you are taking carbamazepine. Inform your doctor of any other medical conditions, insulin receptor allergies, pregnancy, or breast-feeding. USE OF THIS MEDICINE IS NOT RECOMMENDED if you have a history of breast or prostate cancer. Contact insulin receptor your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions or concerns about taking this

insulin receptor
medicine.

As I previously stated, testosterone is a highly anabolic and androgenic hormone, it has insulin receptor an anabolic (muscle building) rating of 100, making it a good drug to use if one is in pursuit of more size insulin receptor and strength. And if you aren´t in pursuit of more size and strength, then why would you be reading this, right? Well, let´s get insulin receptor on with it and look at exactly what makes testosterone a good mass builder. Firstly, testosterone promotes nitrogen retention in the muscle (2) the more nitrogen the muscles holds the more protein the muscle stores.

insulin receptor
Testosterone can also increase the levels of another anabolic hormone, IGF-1, in muscle tissue (3). insulin receptor Testosterone also has the amazing ability to increase the activity of satellite cells (4). These cells play a very active role in insulin receptor repairing damaged muscle. Testosterone also binds to the androgen receptor to promote A.R dependant insulin receptor mechanisms for muscle gain and fat loss, (5) it also significantly increases the concentrations of the A. R in cells critical insulin receptor for muscle repair and growth and A.R in muscle.(4, 6 ). Testosterone induces changes in shape, size and also can change

insulin receptor

the appearance and the number of muscle fibers (7). Androgens like testosterone can insulin receptor protect your hard earned muscle from the catabolic (muscle wasting) glucocorticoid insulin receptor hormones (8), thus inhibiting the actions of them. In addition, Testosterone has the ability to increase insulin receptor red blood cell production (9), and a higher RBC count may improve endurance via better oxygenated blood. More RBCs can also improve recovery from insulin receptor strenuous physical activity. As you may have suspected, Testosterones´ anabolic/androgenic effects are dose dependant, the higher the dose the higher the

insulin receptor

muscle building effect (10).

In the United States, tadalafil has Food and Drug Administration approval and became available insulin receptor in December, 2003 as the third impotence pill after sildenafil (Viagra) and vardenafil (Levitra). Due to its insulin receptor 36-hour effect it is also known as the weekend pill. It should be noted that the drug has not been formally studied in regard insulin receptor to multiple sexual attempts during a 36 hour period.

Nolvadex C&K is used to insulin receptor treat breast cancer in women or men. Tamoxifen may also be used to treat other kinds of cancer, as determined

insulin receptor
by your doctor.

Stanozolol also plays a role in strong adverse changes in HDL/LDL cholesterol levels, especially insulin receptor with the oral form because of the method of administration, which may cause concern for this side effect. Combination with Proviron to the insulin receptor test cycle should prove useful by enhancing the free state of this potent muscle building insulin receptor androgen.

Chemical structure: 4-androstene-3-one,17beta-ol

The risk of potential water retention and aromatizing insulin receptor to estrogen can be successfully prevented by combining the use of Proviron with Nolvadex.

insulin receptor
A preparatory stack often observed in competing athletes includes 400 mg/week Deca-Durabolin, insulin receptor 50 mg/day Winstrol, 228 mg/week Parabolan, and 25 mg/day Anavar.

Description 2: Stanabol insulin receptor 50 / Stanozolol (Winstrol Depot)

The second reason why Oxandrolone is so popular is that this compound insulin receptor does not aromatize in any dosage. As already mentioned, a certain part of the testosterone present in the body is converted into estrogen. insulin receptor This aromatization process, depending on the predisposition, can vary distinctly from the athlete to another. Oxandrolone is

insulin receptor

one of the few steroids which cannot aromatize to estrogen. This characteristic has various advantages for the athlete. With insulin receptor Oxandrolone the muscle system does not get the typical watery appearance as with many steroids, thus making it very interesting during the insulin receptor preparation for a competiton. In this phase it is especially important to keep the estrogen level as low as possible since insulin receptor estrogen programs the body to store water even if the diet is calorie-reduced. In combination with a diet, Oxandrolone helps to make the muscles hard and ripped. Although Oxandrolone itself
insulin receptor
does not break down fat, it plays an indirect role in this process because the substance often suppresses the athlete's appetite. insulin receptor Oxandrolone can also cause some bloating which in severat athletes results in nausea and vomiting when the tablets are taken insulin receptor with meals. The package insert of the Italian Oxandrolone notes its effect on the activity of the gastrointestinal tract. Some athletes thus insulin receptor report continued diarrhea. Although these symptoms are not very pleasant they still help the athlete break down fat and become harder. Those who work out for a competition or are
insulin receptor
interested in gaining quality muscles should combine Oxandrolone with steroids such as Winstrol, Parabolan, Masteron, Primobolan Depot, insulin receptor and Testosterone propionate. A stack of 50 mg Winstrol every two days, 5O mg Testosterone propionate every insulin receptor two days, and 25 mg Oxandrolone every day has proven effective. Another advantage of Oxandrolone's nonaromatization is that athletes who insulin receptor suffer from high blood pressure or develop gynecomastia of the thymus glands when taking stronger androgenic steroids will not have these side effects with a this compound. The Oxandrolone/Deca Durabolin
insulin receptor
stack is a welcome alternative for this group of athletes or for athletes showing insulin receptor signs of poor health during mass buildup with testosterone, Dianabol (D-bol), or Anadrol. Athletes over forty should predomi insulin receptor nantly use Oxandrolone.

The question of the right dosage, as well as the type and duration insulin receptor of application, is very difficult to answer. Since there is no scientificresearch showing how STH should be taken for performance improvement, we insulin receptor can only rely on empirical data, that is experimental values. The respective manufacturers indicate that in cases

insulin receptor

of hypophysially stunted growth due to lacking or insuffieient release of growt hormones by the hypophysis, insulin receptor a weekly average dose of 0.3 I.U/ week per pound of body weight should be taken. An insulin receptor athlete weighting 200 pounds, therefore, would have to inject 60 I.U. weekly. The dosage would be divided into three intramuscular injections insulin receptor of 20 I.U. each. Subcutaneous injections (under the skin) are another form of intake which, however would insulin receptor have to be injected daily, usually 8 I.U. per day. Top athletes usually inject 8-20 I.U./day. Ordinarily, daily subcutaneous injections are

insulin receptor

preferred. Since STH has a half life time of less than one hour, it is not surprising that insulin receptor some athletes divide their dail dose into three or four subcutaneous injections of 2-4 I.U. each. Application insulin receptor of regular small dosages seems to bring the most effective results.

Anadrol 50 © is considered by many insulin receptor to be the most powerful steroid available, with results of this compound being extremely dramatic. A steroid novice insulin receptor experimenting with oxymetholone is likely to gain 20 to 30 pounds of massive bulk, and it can often be accomplished in less than 6 weeks, with

insulin receptor
only one or two tablets per day. This steroid produces a lot of trouble with water retention, so let there be insulin receptor little doubt that much of this gain is simply bloat. But for the user this is often little consequence, feeling bigger and stronger on Anadrol 50 insulin receptor than any steroid they are likely to cross. Although the smooth look that results from water retention is often insulin receptor not attractive, it can aid quite a bit to the level of size and strength gained. The muscle is fuller, will contract insulin receptor better and is provided a level of protection in the form of "lubrication" to the joints as some
insulin receptor
of this extra water is held into and around connective tissues. This will allow for insulin receptor more elasticity, and will hopefully decrease the chance for injury when lifting heavy. It should be noted however, that on insulin receptor the other hand the very rapid gain in mass might place too much stress on your connective tissues for this to compensate. insulin receptor The tearing of pectoral and biceps tissue is commonly associated with heavy lifting while massing up on heavy androgens. There is such a thing as gaining too fast. Pronounced estrogen trouble also puts the user at risk for developing gynecomastia.

insulin receptor

Individuals sensitive to the effects of estrogen, or looking to retain a more quality look, insulin receptor will therefore often add Nolvadex to each cycle.

Trenbolone is similar insulin receptor to the highly popular steroid nandrolone, in that they are both 19-nor steroids, meaning that insulin receptor a testosterone molecule has been altered at the 19th position to give us a new compound. Unlike nandrolone insulin receptor however trenbolone is an excellent mass and hardening drug with the majority of gains being muscle fiber, with minimal water retention (1) It has an unbelievable anabolic (muscle building) score of 500.

insulin receptor
When you compare that to testosterone, which itself is a powerful mass builder, and has an anabolic score of 100 you can begin to insulin receptor fathom the muscle building potential of trenbolone. What makes trenbolone so anabolic? Numerous factors insulin receptor come into play. Trenbolone greatly increases the level of the extremely anabolic hormone IGF-1 within insulin receptor muscle tissue (2). And, it´s worth noting that not only does it increase the levels of insulin receptor IGF-1 in muscle over two fold, it also causes muscle satellite cells (cells that repair damaged muscle) to be more sensitive to IGF-1 and other
insulin receptor
growth factors (3). The amount of DNA per muscle cell may also be significantly increased (3). insulin receptor

It is also important to remember that the use of an injectable testosterone will quickly suppress insulin receptor endogenous testosterone production. It may therefore be good advice to use a testosterone stimulating drug like HCG and/or Clomid/Nolvadex at the insulin receptor conclusion of a cycle. This should help the user avoid a strong "crash" due to hormonal imbalance, which can strip away much of the new muscle mass and strength. This is no doubt the reason why many athletes claim to be very

insulin receptor
disappointed with the final result of steroid use, as there is often only a slight permanent gain if anabolics insulin receptor are discontinued incorrectly. Of course we cannot expect to retain every pound of new bodyweight after a cycle. This insulin receptor is especially true whenever we are withdrawing a strong (aromatizing) androgen like testosterone, as a considerable drop in weight (and strength) insulin receptor is to be expected as retained water is excreted. This should not be of much concern; instead the user should focus on ancillary drug therapy so as to preserve the solid mass underneath. Another way

insulin receptor

athletes have found to lessen the "crash", is to first replace the testosterone with a milder anabolic insulin receptor like Deca-Durabolin. This steroid is administered alone, at a typical dosage (200-400 insulin receptor mg per week), for the following month or two. In this "stepping down" procedure the user is attempting to turn insulin receptor the watery bulk of a strong testosterone into the more solid muscularity we see with nandrolone preparations. In many instances this practice proves insulin receptor to be very effective. Of course we must remember to still administer ancillary drugs at the conclusion, as endogenous testosterone
insulin receptor
production will not be rebounding during the Deca Durabolin therapy.

Is currently insulin receptor the most popular ester of testosterone available to athletes. Unlike cypionate, enanthate is insulin receptor manufactured by various companies all over the world. Ampules of Testoviron from Schering are probably the most popular insulin receptor although many others exist. Enanthate is a long acting testosterone similar to cypionate. insulin receptor Injections are taken once weekly. It remains the number one product for serious growth, every serious bodybuilder took it at least once usualy it is stacked with deca durabolin and

insulin receptor
dianabol .Testosterone Enanthate has very strong anabolic effects as well as strong insulin receptor androgenic side effects. Being an injectable testosterone, liver values are generally not insulin receptor elevated much by this product.

Keep Xenical in a tightly closed container and out insulin receptor of reach of children. Store Xenical at room temperature and away from excess heat and moisture insulin receptor (not in the bathroom).

The above information is intended to supplement, not substitute for, the expertise and judgment of your physician, or other healthcare professional. It should not be construed to

insulin receptor

indicate that use of stanozolol is safe, appropriate, or effective for you. Consult your healthcare insulin receptor professional before using stanozolol.

The drug is particularly excellent for use as the last insulin receptor injectable used in a cycle, since for any given anabolic effect it gives much less inhibition than other steroids such as testosterone, nandrolone, insulin receptor or trenbolone . Therefore, residual levels of Primobolan can allow recovery in the taper while still offering useful anti-catabolic or even anabolic support.

The properties of Parabolan are the same as trenbolone

insulin receptor

acetate (Finaject) except for longer half life. While Finaject itself is no longer available, in some cases injectable preparations insulin receptor from Finaplix have been made. The substance is the same: trenbolone acetate.

This insulin receptor medicine is not for children under 6 months old.

Can I take KAMAGRA with alcohol?

It has been shown that greatest benefit insulin receptor can be had if an athlete consumes these high G.I. carbohydrate foods as soon as possible after an event, preferably insulin receptor within an hour or less. It is further recommended that a high carbohydrate intake be maintained

insulin receptor
during the next 24 hours. Miller suggests eating at least one gram of carbohydrate per kilogram body weight each 2 hours after prolonged heavy exercise insulin receptor and at least 10 grams of high G.I. carbohydrate per kilogram body weight over the insulin receptor 24 hour period following this exercise.

Food intake: the type and timing insulin receptor of food consumed, its glycemic index (the glucose elevating effect) and the amount consumed;

Agovirin inj. 25 mg/ml; Leciva CZ insulin receptor

Heart attack, stroke and irregular heartbeats have been reported rarely in men taking Cialis ®.

insulin receptor
Most, but not all of these men had known heart problems before taking this medicine. It is not possible to determine whether these events were insulin receptor directly related to Cialis ®.

Diazepam should not be administered parenterally to patients with insulin receptor acute ethanol intoxication, shock, or coma because the drug can worsen CNS depression.

This preparation is designed solely for parenteral insulin receptor use only after addition of drugs that require dilution or must be dissolved in an aqueous vehicle prior to injection, such as hGH and hCG

DNP accomplishes

insulin receptor

the astounding boost in metabolic rate via inhibition of the F0F1 ATP synthase molecule, located insulin receptor in the inner wall of each mitochondrion. While the electron transport chain still functions to pump hydrogen ions into insulin receptor the intermembrane space, the coupling of the proton gradient to ATP production is rendered impossible by DNP. As a result, ATP production is dramatically insulin receptor reduced, and the energy is instead thrown off as heat. This results in an astounding production of heat; insulin receptor when using dinitrophenol, the athlete will radiate so much heat that it is uncomfortable to be within

insulin receptor

any proximity of them. Luckily, this heat does not fully contribute to body temperature insulin receptor increases, and is instead thrown off from the entire body surface, particularly the head. As a result, adequate doses of DNP will usually only elevate insulin receptor body temperature by about 1-1.5?C. This is a good thing for your central nervous system and other delicate tissues; insulin receptor if the heat produced by ATP contributed in a more direct matter to body temperature, effective doses for fat loss would cause supraphysiological insulin receptor body temperature increases on a level unwitnessed at this time. Nonetheless,

insulin receptor

overheating is a very real danger; this and other side effects shall now be addressed.

Testex Leo 25 mg/ml; Leo insulin receptor ES

Proviron is an anti-aromatase, so obviously anti-estrogens would be futile and redundant. Blood pressure insulin receptor medication for those prone to hypertension may be wise, as this DHT can increase the blood pressure.

What insulin receptor does all this mean?

The best thing to stack it with is testosterone of course. Its most easily bound to SHBG and albumin, and deactivated for up to 98%. Since the DHT can compete for these structures with

insulin receptor

higher affinity it would naturally lead to a higher yield of whatever testosterone product you insulin receptor stacked it with. Since DHT levels are notably higher now there is also more stimulation of the androgen receptor causing more insulin receptor strength gains, and because of its affinity for aromatase the overall estrogen level decreases insulin receptor as well. This has as a result that gains are leaner, and once again the overall testosterone insulin receptor yield is increased as less I converted at the aromatase enzyme.

For athletes using anabolic steroids, Clomid can normalize the testosterone level and the

insulin receptor
spermatogenesis (sperm development) within 10-14 days. For this reason Clomid is primarily taken after steroids are discontinued. insulin receptor At this time it is extremely important to bring the testosterone production to a normal level as quickly insulin receptor as possible so that the loss of strength and muscle mass is minimized.

For example, one might use insulin receptor the HCG for two to three weeks in the middle of a cycle, and for two or three weeks at the end of a cycle. It has been speculated insulin receptor that the prolonged use of HCG could repress the body’s own production of gonadotropins permanently.

insulin receptor

This is why the short cycles are the best way to go.

Tamoxifen is a trade name for the drug tamoxifen citrate. Tamoxifen insulin receptor is a non-steroidal agent that demonstrates potent antiestrogenic properties. Tamoxifen is technically an estrogen insulin receptor agonist/antagonist, which competitively binds to estrogen receptors in various target tissues. insulin receptor With the tamoxifen molecule bound to this receptor, estrogen is blocked from exerting any action, and an antiestrogenic effect of Tamoxifen is achieved.

T-Prop. Disp. 10, 20 mg/ml; Disperga A

Tell your doctor or

insulin receptor

pharmacist: about all other medicines you are taking, including non-prescription medicines; if you are a frequent user of drinks with caffeine or alcohol; insulin receptor if you smoke; or if you use illegal drugs. These may affect the way your medicine works. Check before stopping or starting insulin receptor any of your medicines.

Serum testosterone, SHBG (Sex Hormone Binding Globulin), and LH (Leutinizing Hormone) will be slightly insulin receptor suppressed with low doses of Bonavar, but less than with other compounds. FSH (Follicle Stimulating Hormone) , IGF1 (Insulin Like Growth Factor 1) and GH (Growth

insulin receptor
Hormone) will not be suppressed with a low dose of Bonavar, but will actually be raised significantly as you may have guessed, and LH will insulin receptor even experience a "rebound" effect when you stop using Bonavar. If your endocrine system and HPTA are funtioning normally, you insulin receptor should be able to use Bonavar with minimal insult to it, and can even keep most of your values within the normal range.

insulin receptor Discontinue use of Xenical beyond 3 months only if weight loss is greater than 5% from the start of treatment.

Mastabol is a synthetic derivative of dihydrotestosterone,

insulin receptor

displaying a potent androgenic effect that is responsible for increases in muscle insulin receptor density and hardness and a moderate anabolic effect that creates a positive nitrogen insulin receptor balance in humans and promotes protein synthesis.

if you are taking any form of organic nitrate insulin receptor or nitric oxide donors such as amyl nitrite. This is a group of Medicines ("Nitrates") insulin receptor used in the treatment of angina pectoris ("Chest pain"). Cialis ® has been shown to increase the effects of these drugs. If you are taking any form of nitrate or are unsure

insulin receptor

tell you doctor.

insulin receptor

PRODUCT NAME: Humulin
SUBSTANCE: Insulin Lispro
CONTENT: 100iu Insulin Lispro per 1ml (3ml Vial) x 5 Vials per box
MANUFACTURER: Australia/Eli Lilly

Insulin

Description: This description was taken directly from Brian Raupp's Anabolix Research page since this drug is so dangerous and his description is by far the most comprehensive that I have found on the internet.

Insulin is a hormone produced in the pancreas which helps to regulate glucose levels in the body. Medically, it is typically used in the treatment of diabetes. Recently insulin has become quite popular among bodybuilders due to the anabolic effect it can offer. With well-timed injections, insulin will help to bring glycogen and other nutrients to the muscles.

In America, regular human insulin is available without a prescription by the name of Humulin R by Eli Lilly and Company. It costs about $20 for a 10 ml vial with a strength of 100 IU per ml. Eli Lilly and Company also produces 5 other insulin formulations, but none of these should be used by bodybuilders. Humulin R is the safest because it takes effect quickly and has the shortest duration of activity. The other insulin formulations remain active for a longer time period and can put the user in an unexpected state of hypoglycemia.

Hypoglycemia occurs when blood glucose levels are too low. It is a commonand potentially fatal reaction experienced by insulin users. Before an athlete begins taking insulin, it is critical that he understands the warning signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia. The following is a list of symptoms which may indicate a mild to moderate hypoglycemia: hunger, drowsiness, blurred vision, depressive mood, dizziness, sweating, palpitation, tremor, restlessness, tingling in the hands, feet, lips, or tongue, lightheadedness, inability to concentrate, headache, sleep disturbances, anxiety, slurred speech, irritability, abnormal behavior, unsteady movement, and personality changes. If any of these warning signs should occur, an athlete should immediately consume a food or drink containing sugar such as a candy bar or carbohydrate drink. This will treat a mild to moderate hypoglycemia and prevent a severe state of hypoglycemia. Severe hypoglycemia is a serious condition that may require medical attention. Symptoms include disorientation, seizure, unconsciousness, and death.

Insulin is used in a wide variety of ways. Most athletes choose to use it immediately after a workout. Dosages used are usually 1 IU per 10-20 pounds of lean bodyweight. First-time users should start at a low dosage and gradually work up. For example, first begin with 2 IU and then increase the dosage by 1 IU every consecutive workout. This will allow the athlete to safely determine a dosage. Insulin dosages can vary significantly among athletes and are dependent upon insulin sensitivity and the use of other drugs. Athletes using growth hormone and thyroid will have higher insulin requirements, and therefore, will be able to handle higher dosages.

Humilin R should be injected subcutaneously only with a U-100 insulin syringe. Insulin syringes are available without a prescription in many states. If the athlete can not purchase the syringes at a pharmacy, he can mail order them or buy them on the black market. Using a syringe other than a U-100 is dangerous since it will be difficult to measure out the correct dosage. Subcutaneous insulin injections are usually given by pinching a fold of skin in the abdomen area. To speed up the effect of the insulin, many athletes will inject their dose into the thigh or triceps.

Most athletes will bring their insulin with them to the gym. Insulin should be refrigerated, but it is all right to keep it in a gym bag as long as it is kept away from excessive heat. Immediately after a workout, the athlete will inject his dosage of insulin. Within the next fifteen minutes, he should have a carbohydrate drink such as Ultra Fuel by Twinlab. The athlete should consume at least 10 grams of carbohydrates for every 1 IU of insulin injected. Most athletes will also take creatine monohydrate with their carbohydrate drink since the insulin will help to force the creatine into the muscles. An hour or so after injecting insulin, most athletes will eat a meal or consume a protein shake. The carbohydrate drink and meal/protein shake are necessary. Without them, blood sugar levels will drop dangerously low and the athlete will most likely go into a state of hypoglycemia.

Many athletes will get sleepy after injecting insulin. This may be a symptom of hypoglycemia, and an athlete should probably consume more carbohydrates. Avoid the temptation to go to bed since the insulin may take its peak effect during sleep and significantly drop glucose levels. Being unaware of the warning signs during his slumber, the athlete is at a high risk of going into a state of severe hypoglycemia without anyone realizing it. Humulin R usually remains active for only 4 hours with a peak at about two hours after injecting. An athlete would be wise to stay up for the 4 hours after injecting.

Rather than waiting to the end of a workout, many athletes prefer to inject their insulin dosage 30 minutes before their training session is over and then consume a carbohydrate drink immediately following the workout. This will make the insulin more efficient at bringing glycogen to the muscles, but it will also increase the danger of hypoglycemia. Some athletes will even inject a few IUs before lifting to improve their pump. This practice is extremely risky and best left to athletes with experience using insulin. Finally, some athletes like to inject insulin upon waking in the morning. After the injection, they will consume a carbohydrate drink and then have breakfast within the next hour. Some athletes find this application of insulin very beneficial for putting on mass, while others will tend to put on excess fat using insulin in this way.

Insulin use can not be detected during a drug test. For this reason, along with the fact that it is cheap and readily available, insulin has become a popular drug among the competitive athlete. However, before an athlete attempts to use insulin, he should educate himself and make himself aware of the consequences. One mistake in dosage or diet can be potentially fatal.

Effective Dose: 1 IU per 10 - 20 lbs. of body weight

The Physiological Role of Insulin in the Body:
Insulin is a hormone which is manufactured in the pancreas and which has a number of important physiological actions in the body. It is an essential hormone in maintaining the body's blood glucose level so that the brain, muscles, heart and other tissues are adequately supplied with the fuel they require for normal cellular metabolism and normal function. Insulin also plays an essential role in fat and protein metabolism. For example, it promotes transport of amino acids from the bloodstream into muscle and other cells. Within these cells, insulin increases the rate of incorporation of amino acids into protein (amino acids are the building blocks of protein) and reduces protein break down in the body ("catabolism"). These physiological actions probably form the basis of speculation regarding the additional anabolic gains which might be made through the use of exogenously administered insulin.

Normally, blood glucose and blood insulin levels are not both elevated for any extended period of time as these two chemicals influence each other through a feedback system in the body. In the post-absorptive state, the blood insulin concentration tends to decrease during exercise, allowing the blood glucose to be maintained at or above resting levels and to provide increased energy supplies (fuel) to muscle cells. Following a meal, the blood glucose and amino acid levels rise (the absorptive state) and this triggers an increase in insulin release from the pancreas, driving glucose and amino acids from the blood into cells and maintaining the blood glucose level within a certain physiological (operating) range.

Intending users should also be aware that insulin stimulates lipid (fat) synthesis from carbohydrate ("lipogenesis"), decreases fatty acid release from tissues ("lipolysis") and leads to a net increase in total body lipid stores. The development of such increased body fat stores runs counter to the training goals of most body builders, athletes and those seeking to improve their physical appearance.

In striving to become bigger, stronger, more competitive or more physically attractive you should also remember that no matter what you do, your genetic make-up will have an influence on what you are able to achieve. It is important to realize that you cannot look exactly like the role model you admire because you have inherited a different set of genes.

The Glycemic Index Factor:

Scientists have discovered that carbohydrate containing foods can be measured and ranked on the basis of the rate and level of blood glucose increase they cause when eaten. This measurement is called the "Glycemic Index" or "G.I. factor". The rate at which glucose enters the bloodstream affects the insulin response to that food and ultimately affects the rate at which this glucose (fuel) is made available to exercising muscles. (2)

Low G.I. foods are those measuring less than 50 on a scale of 1-100. Moderate G.I. foods are those with a reading of 50-70 and high G.I. foods are those measuring 71 or greater on this scale. Pure glucose has a G.I. of 100.

Foods which have a high G.I. produce a rapid increase in blood glucose and blood insulin levels. Examples of such high G.I. foods are potatoes, ice cream, many cereals particularly those with a high sugar content, some varieties of rice (e.g. Calrose) and sweets.

Foods with an moderate G.I. include some brands of muesli, some varieties of rice, white or brown bread, honey and some cereals.

Foods with a low G.I. produce a slower, smaller but more sustained increase in blood glucose levels. Examples of such low G.I. foods are pasta, varieties of high amylose rice, barley, instant noodles, oats, heavy grain breads, lentils, and many fruits such as apples and dried apricots. Low G.I foods are advantageous if consumed at least two hours before an event. This gives time for this food to be emptied from the stomach into the small intestine. Since these foods are digested and absorbed slowly from the gastro-intestinal tract, they continue to provide glucose to muscle cells for a longer period of time than moderate or high G.I. foods, particularly towards the end of an event when muscle glycogen stores may be running low. In this way, low G.I. foods can increase a person's exercise endurance and prolong the time before exhaustion sets in.(2)

High G.I. foods, preferably in the form of liquid foods or glucose drinks of approximately 6% in concentration, can enhance endurance during a very strenuous event lasting more than 90 minutes. ("strenuous" being defined as an athlete exercising at more than 65% of their maximum capacity). Some athletes may prefer food rather than liquid replenishment. Miller(2) suggests glucose enriched honey sandwiches, which have a G.I. factor of 75 or jelly beans, which have a G.I. factor of 80.

Miller suggests that an athlete who is engaged in a prolonged strenuous event should consume between 30 and 60 grams of carbohydrate per hour during the event.

High G.I. foods are also desirable after completing an exhausting sporting or training event when muscle and liver glycogen stores have been depleted, as they provide a rapidly absorbed source of glucose and stimulate insulin release from the pancreas. This insulin in turn stimulates the absorption of glucose into liver and muscle cells and its storage as hepatic and muscle glycogen, optimizing recovery and preparation for the next training or competitive event.

It has been shown that greatest benefit can be had if an athlete consumes these high G.I. carbohydrate foods as soon as possible after an event, preferably within an hour or less. It is further recommended that a high carbohydrate intake be maintained during the next 24 hours. Miller suggests eating at least one gram of carbohydrate per kilogram body weight each 2 hours after prolonged heavy exercise and at least 10 grams of high G.I. carbohydrate per kilogram body weight over the 24 hour period following this exercise.

For these reasons, an athlete who needs to maintain a high level of activity and performance on consecutive days or more extended periods of time should eat large amounts of high G.I. foods. However, a reasonable quantity of low G.I. carbohydrate food should be consumed before an event in order to improve endurance.

A Natural Method of Maintaining an Elevated Blood Insulin Level:
Noting the hypothesis that an elevated blood insulin level may be of some advantage to bodybuilders, Fahey and his colleagues (1993) undertook an experiment in which they fed athletes a liquid meal of "Metabolol", which consisted of 13.0 g protein, 31.9 g carbohydrate and 2.6 g fat per 100 ml and provided 825 kJ of energy.

These researchers demonstrated that it is possible with such intermittent feeding during intense weight training to maintain a person's blood glucose at or above resting levels and at the same time, significantly increase insulin levels for the duration of the workout. This suggests a potentially effective and safe non-drug method for achieving a sustained elevation of blood insulin levels.

The authors of this research commented that "theoretically, this could provide a biochemical environment conducive to accelerating the rate of muscle hypertrophy and inhibiting protein degradation." However, the writer knows of no scientific studies which support this theory.

It is also relevant to note that muscle repair and growth begins in the hours and days following heavy exercise. It is doubtful that the use of insulin just prior to a workout will have any anabolic effects over and above natural processes, at this time. However, use of insulin prior to a workout will certainly expose you to much greater risk of serious harm. If you believe it is beneficial to have a higher insulin blood level during workouts, use the natural method outlined here.

Level of Risk Associated with Insulin Use:
The use of all drugs carries some risk along with potential or perceived benefits, whether used for legitimate medical reasons or for other purposes. Insulin carries some risk even when used by an insulin dependent diabetic, as demonstrated by the observation that some diabetics run into difficulties with their treatment from time to time and often require assistance to restabilize their medical condition and insulin requirements. If used by a healthy non diabetic person in whom there is no natural deficiency in insulin production or reduced insulin sensitivity and in the absence of medical advice and monitoring, the risks may be substantially increased.

The major risk associated with insulin is a physical state known as hypoglycemia or "low blood sugar". This occurs when the level of glucose in the blood falls below a certain level required for normal body function. If the blood glucose level is substantially reduced below this normal level and if this is not quickly corrected, there is a risk of disorientation, collapse, coma, permanent brain damage and even death. Exercise and reduced food intake decreases the body's need for insulin and increases the risk of hypoglycemia associated with non-medical use of insulin.

It is difficult to provide a quantitative estimate of risk for any drug but on a scale of risk in relation to other non-medical and unsanctioned drug use, the use of insulin in this manner would rank towards the higher end of the scale. If zero equals "no risk" of harm to a person's health and ten equals "extreme risk", the use of anabolic steroids in a non-medical context might rate towards the middle of the scale of risk (particularly in the medium to long term) whilst insulin would rate higher. This level of risk associated with insulin use will depend on a number of factors:

Whether the person is a diabetic or not: non-diabetics and lean healthy people are more sensitive to the blood glucose lowering effects of insulin than diabetics;

Type of insulin: short acting insulin preparations are considerably safer than long acting preparations because with short acting types, it is much easier to avoid hypoglycemia with adequate food intake. With the non-medical use of longer acting insulin preparations, a person is at real risk of experiencing hypoglycemia late in the day, particularly in between meals, during or after exercise and when asleep. Regardless of this advice, some people are in reality using a mixture of short and long acting insulin preparations and exposing themselves to unnecessary increased risk.

Food intake: the type and timing of food consumed, its glycemic index (the glucose elevating effect) and the amount consumed;

Body weight;

Timing of insulin administration in relation to food intake and exercise;

Individual variation: two different people can respond in a very different way to a given dose of insulin, even if they are of a similar height, weight and other personal characteristics. The fact that a certain dose does not seem to cause a problem for one person does not mean this will be so for another. In addition, the response to insulin will also vary greatly within any one individual over time, according to changes in one or more of the above noted factors.

5-10 Units of a short acting preparation may have little or no observable impact on someone who eats a meal soon before or after but this dose could cause hypoglycemia and collapse in a person who has not consumed adequate food in close proximity to the time when the insulin begins to take effect (insulin starts to take effect within 5-10 minutes if injected by intra-muscular route and in 30-60 minutes if injected by subcutaneous route). Foods with a high glycemic index will maintain the blood glucose level for a short period of time, perhaps an hour or so whilst those with a low glycemic index will provide for more sustained glucose levels. Risk Reduction Advice:

Given the risks of using insulin for non medical purposes, the best advice one can give is not use it in this way. Even the body building magazines such as "Muscle Media 2000" advise: "If you're thinking about using insulin, think twice - it's really risky!"(3) However, if you are not persuaded by this advice and are determined to pursue its use in the hope of achieving some additional anabolic or other gains, you should take the following precautions:

Consider using the natural method of raising your blood insulin level during workouts by consuming glucose containing fluids at intervals during exercise. These fluids may have a protein sparing effect and at the same time, will help maintain keep your blood glucose and blood insulin levels. However, if you decide to use insulin, you should consider the following advice:

Always use insulin in the presence of someone else who knows about and understands the exact risks of using insulin in this manner, so they are able to act quickly and appropriately should something go wrong;

Always use a sterile needle and syringe every time and a clean injecting technique (e.g. don't touch the needle or the skin where you are going to inject, with your fingers and don't breathe on or cough over the injection site before or after injecting.)

Be aware that 1.0 ml of insulin contains one hundred International Units (100 IU), 0.1 ml of insulin contains ten (10) IU and 0.01 ml contains one (1.0) IU. So take care in measuring out your insulin .it is very concentrated!

Note that 0.01 ml is the volume contained in the space between the smallest graduated markings on a 1.0 ml Terumo diabetic syringe;

Inject by the subcutaneous route (injecting just under the skin and preferably in the abdominal area or outer part of the upper thigh), not intramuscularly or intravenously as using the latter routes can lead to a rapid rise in blood insulin level and a sudden hypoglycemic episode;

Alternate your injection sites in order to minimize tissue damage ("lipoatrophy" or "lipohypertrophy";

Always use a short acting, "regular" insulin (e.g. Actrapid, Insulin Neutral, Humulin R, Hypurin Neutral) rather than a longer acting insulin preparation (e.g. Semilente, Lente or Ultralente);

Use a human insulin rather than an animal insulin preparation if possible (there is little animal insulin available now);

Start with no more than 5 IU (0.05 ml) of this short acting/ regular insulin preparation and increase the dose gradually over a period of one week, to a dose no higher than 20 IU (0.20 ml) per day. Doses above this will expose you to progressively greater risk and most body builders who use insulin believe there is no advantage in taking doses higher than this. Anecdotal evidence amongst bodybuilders suggests increased doses leads to excess bodyfat accumulation.

The writer would caution against users falling into the trap of thinking: "If 20 units is good, 40 units will be twice as good" or "Joe says he injected 20 units and it didn't affect him, so it will be safe for me to inject 30 or 40 units". All drugs have a therapeutic dose range and above this, may be toxic or even lethal. If you are not diabetic, your body does not require additional insulin and there is no therapeutic range for you. In addition, people are different and often respond differently to drugs. An individual may also respond differently to the same drug in the same dose at different times, depending on a wide range of factors such as their general health, alcohol or other drugs taken, food eaten, exercise undertaken before, during or after drug administration and so on.

Don't use a medium or long acting insulin in the middle or latter part of the day, as you may very well experience a hypoglycemic attack whilst you are asleep. If this happens, neither you nor anyone else will be aware of or able to respond to your urgent need for glucose, in order to prevent possible serious harm.

Dietary Guidelines:
Close attention to diet is extremely important in people using insulin, whether this is for legitimate medical purposes or for other reasons. You can reduce your risk by consuming an adequate amount and mixture of high and low G.I. carbohydrate foods and drinks immediately after using insulin and at regular intervals (every 2-3 hours) throughout the day.

High G.I. carbohydrates (e.g. sweets, soft drinks and ice-cream) will raise your blood sugar quickly and prevent early hypoglycemia. Low G.I. carbohydrates (e.g. white pasta, high amylose rice, softened whole grain breads and instant noodles) are metabolized more slowly and will keep your blood glucose level up over a more extended period of time, when the medium acting insulin preparations begin to take effect;

55-65% of your total daily energy intake should be in the form of carbohydrates, 15-20% as protein and ~20% as fat. You should seek advice from a dietitian about your daily requirements but most heavy training athletes need to consume between 3,000 and 5,500 Calories per day (depending on the sport and level of training) and between 450 and 800 grams of carbohydrate each day. If you are a body builder who weighs 100 kg and your total energy requirements are calculated to be 4,000 calories/ day, you should aim to eat approximately 570 grams of carbohydrate each day. If your total energy requirements are calculated to be 5,000 calories/ day, you should aim to eat approximately 720 grams of carbohydrate each day.

Divide up your calculated total daily carbohydrate requirements over the course of your waking hours and consume frequent carbohydrate meals throughout the day. For example, if you require 4,000 calories per day, you might eat six meals of 650-700 Calories at 2-3 hour intervals.

This would mean eating approximately 90-100 grams of carbohydrate each meal, which for example you will obtain from 7 slices of bread alone or 4-5 slices of bread with 1 ? tablespoons of honey or 500 ml of Sustagen or 3 slices of bread eaten with a 450 gram can of baked beans. You can refer to the attached food tables to work out your own requirements according to your own food preferences. You will need to choose a mixture foods from this table with a high, medium or low G.I., according to the nature and level of the training you are doing.

Once again, the writer would strongly recommend that you consult a dietitian who has an interest and experience in sports nutrition, in order to assist you design a dietary program which is best suited to your training goals and needs and to your food preferences. It is equally important that you find a dietitian with whom you feel comfortable telling about your insulin or other performance enhancing substance use, as their advice may otherwise be less than useful to you. If your dietitian does not know about and does not take such substance use into account, their advice may even add to the dangers associated with this substance use.

Always have a source of glucose or other high G.I. food ready at hand, in case you should begin to experience the symptoms of hypoglycemia. If this does occur, you should take this glucose or food without delay. You should eat or drink 15-20 grams of carbohydrate to begin with, which is contained in ~ 2 slices of white or brown bread, two glasses of milk, a half glass of soft drink, a tablespoon of honey or six jelly beans.

Other examples of glucose or other high Glycemic index carbohydrate preparations which you can use include: glucose tablets, glucose powder mixed in a small volume of water, barley sugar, or other sweets or if these are not immediately available, a sugar containing cordial, soft drink or plain sugar dissolved in water. This should be followed by an adequate low Glycemic index carbohydrate meal to prevent further hypoglycemia since the insulin levels are likely to remain high for some hours after the high Glycemic index carbohydrates are used up (metabolized) in the body.

The Crucial Role of the Friend or Peer Observer:
If you are going to use insulin, it is essential that you have a friend or peer observer remain with you in case you experience problems. This person really needs to be with you for the whole time while the insulin preparation used is working.

Be aware that the risk of hypoglycemia occurs not at the time of insulin injection but rather, when the insulin starts to take effect. The risk will be greatest when your insulin blood level nears or reaches its highest level, usually 30-60 minutes afterwards if a short acting insulin preparation is used (by subcutaneous injection) and up to 20 hours later if a long acting insulin is used.

Consider giving this paper to the person who is going to be with you when you use insulin, so they are aware of the things to look out for and what to do if you should experience a hypoglycemic reaction. The following instructions are for a peer observer or other person who may find you experiencing difficulty as a result of overdosing on insulin or any other drug or combination of drugs:

Instructions for the Peer Observer Assisting an Insulin User:
If the person who has used insulin states that they are beginning to feel any of the following symptoms:
faintness, dizziness, thirst, hunger, nausea, weakness, sweating,

Or if you observe that they have become:
confused, disorientated, sweaty, drowsy,

You should immediately give them glucose or a sugar containing drink or food as mentioned above. However, you should not try to give a person food or fluids if they are so drowsy that they are unable to swallow it, since they will be at risk of accidentally breathing in (aspirating) this food or fluid. If they cannot readily respond to your questions or your commands, you should assume they are unable to swallow anything safely.

If the person loses consciousness, you should place them in either a "lateral" or "coma" position, tilting the head fully back and jaw forward, in order to ensure an open airway and protect them from possible aspiration. Keep them in this position while medical assistance is being sought.

You should then immediately call an ambulance by dialing "911", to get them to a hospital without any delay whatsoever. When the ambulance arrives, you should tell the ambulance officers exactly what the person has taken and what you have observed so the correct treatment can be provided promptly. This is essential as the person's life may be at stake.

Severe hypoglycemia or a combination of alcohol and other drugs, particularly drugs which suppress the central nervous system, can cause a person to stop breathing and their heart to stop beating. Remember, it only takes a few minutes for someone to suffer permanent brain damage or to die, once they stop breathing.

There are several common signs which may be apparent in someone who has overdosed from one or a combination of drugs.


These include:
very slow or shallow breathing or no breathing at all (listen close to the person's mouth and nose for breath sounds and look for movement of their chest wall) snoring or gurgling breathing in someone who is asleep blue lips and fingernails (caused by lack of oxygen) no response to shaking, calling their name or pain (try pinching their earlobe and pressing down hard on one of their fingernails with a pen) very slow, faint pulse or no pulse at all

What To Do in the Event of an Overdose:
stay calm, squeeze earlobe/ press on fingernail of person in an effort to arouse them if person responds, try to walk them around if no response, check person's breathing and pulse if unconscious but breathing, place in lateral or coma position call an ambulance by dialing 911

they will give you advice on what to do, which might include:
if there is a pulse but the person is not breathing, start artificial respiration, otherwise known as Expired Airways Resuscitation (EAR), without delay if no pulse, start cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) stay with the person, continuing to administer artificial respiration or CPR until the ambulance arrives. Keep them in the lateral or coma position if they are breathing on their own. tell the ambulance officers exactly what they may have taken and what you have observed

The writer would like to emphasize once more that this paper should in no way be construed as an encouragement to people to use insulin in an effort to increase muscle mass, sports performance or appearance. Rather, it represents a pragmatic attempt at providing harm reduction advice to people who choose to take the risk of using insulin in this way, despite their knowledge of those risks
















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